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同等学历英语真题2001-2011.pdf

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Part II Vocabulary (10 minutes, 10 points,0.5 for each )
Section A
16. The temperatures are somewhat(多少/ 几分)  lower than the average temperature in May this year.
  A. rather  (稍微)         B. very                    C. a little (少许) D. less(较少)
17. He must not allow this unusual barrier  to stop him from fighting against the enemy (敌人).
  A.  interior    (内部)    B. obstacle  (障碍)C. interruption         D. interference
18. Next semester, Susan must take three  compulsory   (强制的)courses.
  A. formal                   B. voluntary   (自愿的)  C. practical   (实际的)D. required
19. Should either of these  situations (情景)occur(发生), wrong control actions might be take n and a potential accident sequence (连
续)initiated (开始).
A. imported                B. installed              C. started                 D. interviewed
20. Now about half of the women who work in social welfare  are  part-time(兼职), as compared to 38% in the private(私人的) sector
(部门).
  A. guarantee               B. farewell              C. well-off               D. well-being
21. It is not clear whether the increase in reports is stemmed from (源于)greater human activity or is simply (只是)  the result of more
surveys(调查).
A. flows             B. comes                 C.  derives  (衍生)  D.  originates(起源/ 发源)
22. This is the sort of case in which judges must exercise  the  arbitrary power described a moment ago.
A. avail                        B. use                      C. have                    D. display
23. Recent studies have  posed  (提出)the question as to whether there is a link between film  violence(暴力)  and real violence.
A.  supposed   (假设)      B.  poised    (使平衡) C. aroused                D. raised
24. Floods have  undermined  (破坏)the foundation of the ancient bridge.
A. weakened               B. reached               C.  spoiled  (损坏)               D. covered
25. A frequently  cited  (例证/引用)example of the endangered species is the panda.
A. worried                  B. neglected  (忽略)      C. reduced               D. mentioned
26. Some  psychologists   (心理学家)argue that the traditional idea “spare the rod and spoil the child” is not rational(理性的).
A. helpful           B. kind                    C.  sensible  (明智的)              D. effective
27.  Providing  (提供)first-class service is one of the  tactics   (战术)the airline adopts to attract passengers.
A. methods         B. attitudes              C. thoughts              D. solutions
28. Before you decide on a vocation (职业), it might be a good idea to consult a few good friends.
A. career          B. holiday                C. plan                     D. research
29. The police are trying to get back the  stolen (偷) statue(雕像).
A.  detain (扣押)       B.  retrieve  (取回)             C.  track  (跟踪)                  D.  detect(察觉)
30. Because of adverse(不利的/ 相反的)  weather conditions, the travelers stopped to camp(露营).
A. local            B. unfamiliar (不熟悉)        C. good                   D.  unfavorable(不利的/ 令人不快的)

Section B
31. These last 22 years have really been amazing, every prediction   (预言/ 预报)we’ve made about improve ments have all ______.
A. come over  (过来)  B. come down  (倒塌) C. come along  (出现)D. come true(实现)
32. Anyone breaking the rules will be asked to leave ______.
A. at the spot              B.  on the spot (当场)         C. for the spot         D. in the spot
33. Mary succeeded in living ______ her extraordinary(非凡的)reputation (名声).
A. up to              B. up                   C. down                   D. on
34. Other guests at yesterday’s opening, which was broadcast ______ by the radio station, included the Governor and the Mayor.
A. alive              B. live                     C. lively                   D. living
35. The manager was told when he was ______ that his was a pressure job.
  -2- A. appointed  (任命)   B.  pointed (指出)               C. assigned              D. disappointed
36. Her husband is interested  in designing electronic ______.
A. management           B. safety                  C.  devices(装置)                D.  routine(惯例/ 日常的)
37.  Gestures  (手势)are an important means to ______ messages.
A.  convey (传达)             B. study                   C.  exploit (利用/ 开发)                 D. keep
38. ______ preparations were being made for the  Prime Minister’s (首相)  official visit to the four foreign countries.
A. Wise                      B.  Elaborate(精心的)       C.  Optional (可选择的)              D.  Neutral(中立的)
39. This local evening paper has a ______ of twenty-five thousand.
A. number              B.  contribution(贡献)       C. circulation (循环/ 发行量)            D. celebration
40. Susan loves chocolate so  much that she can hardly resist(抵抗) its ______.
A.  sight(景观)            B.  brand (商标)                 C.  variety (多样性)           D. temptation (诱惑)
41. On the local market, ______ fruits(水果)  and vegetables are now commonly  sold (卖).
A.  exotic (外来的)    B. enough                C. limited           D. famous
42. After a few months, the immigrants (移民)  became ______ to the new environment.
A. confident(信心)     B.  sick  (生病的)C. happy                 D. accustomed (习惯的)
43. If your ______ lively pets (宠物) become  passive(被动的), they might be ill.
A. traditionally  (传统的)           B.  rarely   (很少的)            C. normally (通常的)        D. continually (不断的)
44. Speech is the ______ ability possessed  (拥有/ 控制)only by human beings.
A. unique         B. average               C. collective           D. single
45. John  seldom (很少/ 稀少的)  drinks coffee because he doesn’t ______ the taste.
A. stand for       B. care about          C. cope with(应付)            D. care for(喜欢)

Part III   Reading Comprehension  (40 minutes, 25 points)
Passage 1
Americans usually consider themselves a friendly people. Their friendships, how ever, tend to be shorter and more  casual (顺便的/
临时的)  than friendships among people from other  cultures. It is not uncomm on for Americans to have only one close friend during
their lifetime, and consider other "friends" to be just social acquaintances(熟悉的). This attitude probably has something to do with
American mobility (流动性)and the fact that Americans do not like to be dependent on other people. They tend to "compartmentalize"
(划分)  friendships, having "friends at work", "friends  on the softball team", "family friends", etc.
Because the United States is a highly active society, full of movement and change, people always seem to be on the go. In this
highly  charged (充电)  atmosphere (大气), Americans can sometimes seem brusque (无礼的) or  impatient(不耐烦). They want
to get to know you as quickly as possible and then move on to  something else. Sometimes, early on , they wil1ask you questions t hat you
may feel are very persona1. No insult is inte nded; the questions usual1y grow out of their genuine  (真正的)interest or  curiosity (好
奇), and their impatience to get to the heart of the matter. And the same goes for you. If you do not understand  certain(肯定的)
American behavior or you want to know more about them, do not hesitate to ask them questions about themselves. Americans are usually
eager to explain all about their country or anything “American" in  which you may be interested. So much so in fact that you may become
tired  (疲倦)of listening. It doesn’t matter because Americans tend to be uncomfortable with silence   (沉默)during a  conversation
(交谈/ 会话). They would rather talk about the weather or the latest  sports scores, for example,  than deal w ith silence.
On the other hand, don’t expect Americans  to be knowledgeable about international geography or world affairs, unless those
subjects directly involve the United States. Because the United  States is not surrounded by many other nations, some Americans  tend to
ignore the rest (休息)  of the world.
46. The general topic   (主题/题目)of the passage is ______.
A. American culture                         B. American society
C. Americans' activities                        D. Americans' personality 
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